Magic or openness to new opportunities for the marine aquarium?
Experiences and observations with magnetically treated water
Marine salts and calcareous water
Some certainly positive effects of the tap water influenced by physical alterations, can be detected in the solubility level of the marine salts. According to the experiences available at the moment, a mixture of marine salts melts around 20% faster and leaving much fewer remains. In addition, the availability of dissolved mineral elements to the marine organisms is significantly improved. Even for the preparation of the calcareous water (Kalkwasser) with the use of calcium hydroxide, the physically altered water can be very helpful, since the calcium ions remain in solution for a longer time. The explained observations and experiences were obtained with a device permanently kept in operation, in other words the water was continuously physically treated, weather it was still or in circulation. Under the incorrect definition of “calcium eliminators”, convenient permanent magnetic systems are also proposed, which should be applied around the water tubing. The induction together with the effect only occurs when the water and the ions it contains flow through the magnetic field of the device. I’ve checked the functioning of a couple of these systems and, at lest for the field of plants, I’ve been able to observe a comparable, although quite weaker, effect. Together with the force of the magnet, however, the flow speed and the water quantity have a decisive influence. The viscosity and the variation of the water surface tension cannot be measured with the commonly available methods. However it is possible to see the effect by eye, since a drop of treated water behaves differently from another one not subjected to alteration; this is particularly evident on a greasy surface, since for the variation of the surface tension the treated water flows with “larger” drops. If some drops are allowed to dry on a glass and the deposit remained like dust can be removed, this means the treatment has been effective, because the non-treated water once dried produces deposits in the form of a consistent fouling. If some physically altered or magnetically treated water is boiled, the calcareous precipitations sediment like mud and not like compact material along the walls of the recipient. A look through a good microscope at these remains shows us the cause: from the common tap water calcareous needles or little blades (Aragonite) have formed, while from the treated one the salts crystallise forming small and soft little spheres (Calcite). A “decalcification” or “removal” of other salts does not take place during this treatment of the water. The apparent effect of decalcification should be attributed to the fact that the salts no longer sediment inside the tubing or on the heaters, but they are pushed away by the current. The question that now should be answered is the following: what mysterious forces have influenced the components of the water to such an extent as to make the effects of such change active in the composition of the liquid for much longer? It is very complicated processes that in this context can only be explained in a brief and simplified way. Water, as we know, is a substance that behaves in an unusual way. It has its highest density value at 4°C, its lowest specific heat at 37,5°C, and it dilates while freezing. The water molecules are dipoles that flow partially isolated, while others with their poles unite into liquid crystals (Clusters). They hold on to ions of other substances almost isolating them. This hydrate envelope also prevents the enclosed ion from being available as crystallisation nucleus to other free ions. On the contrary, they sediment on the following available surface, and in the tube the calcareous remains form.
What happens during the treatment of the water?
During the physical alterations or magnetic treatment of the water, a shaking is generated which shatters this hydrate envelope. The released ions form fluctuant crystallisation nuclei, bind to others and are transported by the flow. The ion released from the envelope, for example a trace element, becomes more easily available to the organisms. All these processes necessarily have a consequence even on the movements of charge in the sector of the electrons of all the available salts. In this way, for example, from the hydrogen carbonate ions some hydronium ions develop, which are able to bring even already precipitated salts back in solution. This fact would represent a possible explanation for the effect observed on the aiptasia and the corals. The magnetic fields leave some traces in the water that flows around them, without any doubt. Since these processes are necessarily connected to the present salts, these changes can only happen if a minimum quantity of dissolved substances is present. For this reason, the treatment of particularly soft water does not make sense. In the technical systems of our aquaria a large number of technical tools are integrated which produce magnetic fields. Therefore it is not possible to exclude that during the passage of the water, for example through a pump, processes are carried out which take place in an uncontrolled way and whose effects have not so far been analysed. Is this where it is possible to research the explanations for a phenomenon often occurred, which is the different vitality of two adjacent tanks with the same, at least, apparently, environmental conditions? In one the algae are green and the fishes are bursting with health, while in the other life hardly goes on. It would be interesting if this article inspired further studies on this topic.